Winter is the season when the skin tends to dry out, increasing the risk of various problems such as flaky skin and acne. Since it may not be possible to maintain healthy skin with just normal care, it is important to check out how to deal with and prevent these problems in advance. Here is a detailed description of the characteristics and symptoms of rough skin in winter, and how to deal with and prevent it.
Rough skin in winter…what’s going on inside the skin?
In order to prevent rough skin in winter, it is important to take appropriate measures based on the condition of the skin in winter. First, let’s take a closer look at the condition of the skin in winter.
Decreased barrier function
In winter, the barrier function that protects the skin from external stimuli is lowered. In winter, the barrier function that protects the skin from external stimuli is weakened, making it more susceptible to skin problems caused by dust, pollen, and other substances that are not a problem in other seasons. In addition, when the barrier function of the skin is lowered, the moisture in the skin tends to evaporate easily, which may worsen the dryness if left untreated.
Imbalance between moisture and sebum
The barrier function of the skin is maintained by the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of the skin, and sebum. In winter, when the air is dry, moisture is easily lost from the skin, and the balance between moisture and sebum tends to be disrupted. Eventually, the amount of sebum decreases, and the skin becomes dry.
Crackling, pain, and redness
When the dryness becomes severe, the skin not only becomes cracked, but also becomes inflamed due to external stimuli, resulting in pain and redness.
Types of rough skin that tend to appear in winter
The following types of skin problems are more likely to occur in winter.
Fine lines and wrinkles due to dryness
When the moisture in the stratum corneum is maintained, the skin is firm. However, when the moisture in the stratum corneum is lost due to dry air, fine lines and wrinkles appear on the surface of the skin. Fine lines and wrinkles are the cause of aging skin, so it is important to take sufficient countermeasures.
Dry dermatitis is a condition in which the skin becomes dry and the barrier function deteriorates, causing inflammation due to external stimuli. Symptoms include pain, redness, intense itching, and blistering.
If you can’t stand the itching and scratch it, the inflammation will become stronger. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
When the skin is dry, the turnover cycle, in which stratum corneum cells are replaced by new stratum corneum cells, is disrupted. As a result, dead stratum corneum cells pile up and narrow the pores. When this happens, sebum and dead stratum corneum cells clog the pores, causing acne to appear.
In addition, when the skin is dry, the physiological response is overactive, which may lead to increased sebum production and acne.
When the skin is dry, the texture of the skin surface is disrupted, creating uneven shadows that make the skin appear darker. In addition, the skin becomes vulnerable to external stimuli due to the lowering of the skin’s barrier function, and the melanin pigment secreted to protect the skin is deposited on the skin, causing it to become dull.
Causes and prevention of winter skin irritation
Let’s take a closer look at the causes of rough skin in winter and how to prevent it.
Dryness (low humidity, air conditioning, UV rays from summer, etc.)
The low humidity in winter causes the skin to lose moisture and become dry. In winter, low humidity causes the skin to lose moisture and become dry, and air conditioning causes the air in the room to become dry. In addition, the skin may become dry as a result of damage from UV rays received in the summer.
It is necessary to take measures to prevent the skin from drying out, such as frequent skin care, avoiding the use of air conditioners, and taking measures against UV rays in summer.
Poor blood circulation due to cold
When the body gets cold due to the winter cold, blood flow throughout the body becomes poor. Since blood is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, poor blood circulation causes a shortage of nutrients necessary for skin turnover, making it difficult to maintain a healthy stratum corneum.
As a result, the water retention capacity of the stratum corneum decreases and the skin tends to become dry. To prevent poor blood circulation in winter, you need to keep your body cool. Wear a scarf, thick outerwear, gloves, warm clothing, and drink warm drinks.
Disturbances in lifestyle (sleep, diet, exercise, etc.)
Poor blood circulation due to lack of exercise, poor nutrition, and low growth hormone levels caused by lack of sleep can disrupt the skin’s turnover cycle. Make sure to get enough good sleep, eat a balanced diet, and exercise moderately.
Excessive scrubbing of the body and face when washing
Excessive scrubbing of the skin when washing the face or body causes the skin to lose moisture and sebum. Lather up your face wash or body wash thoroughly and roll the foam over your skin.
How to deal with rough skin in winter
When winter skin irritation occurs, take the following measures.
Apply basic skin care products and body creams.
Moisturizing care in winter is the same as in other seasons. Use lotion, essence, milky lotion, and cream to replenish moisture and oil. However, in winter, if you do not moisturize frequently, your skin will dry out quickly. Moisturize not only before applying makeup and after cleansing and cleansing your face, but also when reapplying makeup.
Keep facial massage every day
Facial massages are treatments you can do with a practitioner or on your own. The technique involves stimulating pressure points on the face, neck, and shoulders. … Facial massage helps promote healthy skin while relaxing your facial muscles. It has a relaxing and rejuvenating effect, helping you look and feel better.
Use L&L Skin MIO2 facial massager and move upward from smile lines to cheeks and hold pressure at cheeks before moving knuckles across cheekbones to ears. Drain lymph under eyes by gently massaging under eyes towards ear and then move fingers around eye to eyebrows and apply pressure before circling back to under eyes and repeat.
Go to the hospital if it is severe
If your skin is too dry, it may become inflamed, causing redness, itching, pain, and blistering. If your skin is irritated, you should go to a medical institution for proper treatment. There are over-the-counter medications that are suitable for skin irritation, but if used in the wrong way, they will not improve the symptoms.
Since it is impossible to judge for yourself if the problem is really caused by dryness, it is recommended to seek medical attention.
Use a humidifier
To reduce the dryness of your skin as much as possible, use a humidifier to increase the humidity. It is recommended that the humidity level should be around 50%, but it depends on the room temperature. Humidifier type is recommended to automatically humidify the room temperature to become the appropriate humidity.
Winter is not only the dry air, but also the wrong face wash and lifestyle disorder, such as various causes of dry skin. If the skin is so dry that inflammation occurs, it is important to see a medical institution as soon as possible. Remove the cause of dryness and continue daily moisturizing care to protect your skin.