Types of Hotels or Classification of hotels by their type
Hotels are classified consistent with the hotel size, location, target markets, levels of service, facilities provided, number of rooms, ownership and affiliation etc.
- Size – Or number of rooms
Under 200 rooms
200 to 399 rooms
400 to 700 rooms
More than 700 rooms
The above categories enable hotels of comparable size to match operating procedures and statistical results.
- Target Markets
Hotel targets many markets and may be classified consistent with the markets they plan to attract their guests. The common sort of markets includes business, airport, suites, residential, resort, timeshare, casino, convention and conference hotels.
Business Hotels: These hotels are the most important group of hotel types and that they primarily cater to business travelers and typically located in downtown or business districts. Although Business hotels primarily serve business travelers, many tour groups, individual tourists and little conference groups find these hotels attractive. Guest amenities at business hotels may include complimentary newspapers, morning coffee; free local telephone calls, Breakfast etc.
Airport Hotels: These sorts of hotels typically target business clientele, airline passengers with overnight travel layovers or cancelled flights and airline crews or staff. Some hotels might give free transport between hotel and airport. Some Airport hotels also charge the guest by the hour rather than normal daily night charges.
Suite Hotels: These sorts of hotels are the newest trend and therefore the fastest growing segments of the hotel industry. Such hotels have a front room and a separate bedroom. Professionals like accountants, lawyers, businessmen and executives find suite hotels particularly attractive as they will work and also entertain in a neighborhood beside the bedroom.
Extended Stay Hotels: Extended stay hotels are somewhat almost like the suite hotels, but usually offers kitchen amenities within the room. These sorts of hotels are for long-stayers who want to remain quite every week and don’t want to spend on hotel facilities.
Serviced Apartments: Serviced Apartment / Residential hotels provide long-term or permanent accommodation for Guest. Usually guest makes a lease agreement with the hotel for the minimum of 1 month up to a year. Rooms generally include front room , bedroom, kitchen, private balcony, washing machines, kitchen utensils etc. Unlike normal hotels Serviced apartment only provide weekly one housekeeping service.
Resort Hotels: Resort hotels are usually located within the mountains, on an island, or in other exotic locations faraway from cities. These hotels have recreational facilities, scenery, and golf, tennis, and sailing, skiing and swimming. Resort hotels provide enjoyable and memorable guest experiences that encourage guest to repeat to the resort.
Bed and Breakfast / Home stays: These are houses with rooms converted into overnight facilities; this will take stock to 1 to 10 guest rooms. They’re also referred to as ‘Home Stay’s’. The owner of the B&B usually stays on the premises and is liable for serving breakfast to the guest.
Timeshare / Vacation Rentals: Another new type or segment of the hospitality industry is that the timeshare hotels. These are sometimes mentioned as “Vacation-interval” hotels. Timeshare hotels are where the guests who purchase the ownership of accommodations for a selected period. These owners can also have the unit rented out by the management company that operates the hotel.
Casino Hotels: Hotels with gambling facilities are called Casino Hotels. Although the food and beverage operations within the casino are luxurious their functions are secondary to and supportive of casino operations.
Conference and Convention Centers: These sorts of hotels specialize in meeting and conferences and overnight accommodation for meeting attendees. They also provide video conferencing facility, audiovisual equipment, business services, flexible seating arrangements, flipchart etc. These hotels mostly located outside the metropolitan areas and have facilities like golf, swimming pools, tennis courts, fitness centers, spas etc.
- Levels Of service
World class service: These also are called luxury / Five Start hotels; they aim top business executives, entertainment celebrities, and high- ranking political figures, and wealthy clientele as their primary markets. They supply upscale restaurants and lounges, Valet, concierge services and also private dining facilities.
Mid-Range Service: Hotels offering mid-range or otherwise 3 to 4-star hotels service appeal the most important segment of the travelling public. This type of hotels doesn’t provide elaborate service and have a adequate staffing. They also provide uniformed service, food and beverage room service, in-room entertainments and also Wi-Fi etc.
Budget / Limited Service: These hotels provide clean, comfortable, safe, inexpensive rooms and meet the essential need of guests. Budget hotels appeal primarily to budget-minded travelers who need a room with minimum services and amenities required for the comfortable stay, without unnecessary paying additional cost for costly services.
- Ownership and Affiliations
Independent / Single Owner Hotels: they are doing not have identifiable ownership or management affiliation with other properties. Example of an equivalent would be family owned and operated hotel that’s not following any corporate policies or procedures.
Chain hotels: Hotels which are a part of a hotel chain and these sorts of ownership usually imposes certain minimum standards, rules, policies and procedures to limit affiliate activities. Generally the more centralized the organization the stronger the control over the individual property.